A spinal cord injury is damage to any portion of the spinal cord or the nerves at the base of the spine. The spinal cord is a bundle of nerve fibers and tissue which lies within spine forming the brain’s connection to the body.
Any harm to the spinal cord can slam sensory, motor, and reflex capabilities. The higher the point of occurrence of injury, the more severe the damage is. The amount of entirety can also knock severity though no two people have the same prediction for a spinal cord injury.
CAUSES OF SPINAL CORD INJURIES
Spinal cord injuries can be caused by many different reasons. Patient’s symptoms may be mild, moderate, or severe enough to cause death depending upon the severity of injury. Spinal cord injuries should be treated as soon as possible to avoid further damage to the spine. Some deceased may experience temporary symptoms while others will be left with lifelong symptoms.
There are 2 types of Spinal Injuries
1. Traumatic spinal cord injuries occur due to:
- Motor vehicle accidents (38%)
- Slips/falls (30.5%)
- Acts of violence (13.5%)
- Sports-related injuries (9%)
- Medical / surgical (5%)
- Other (4%)
2. Non-traumatic spinal cord injuries occur due to:
- Degeneration of the spinal column
- Congenital medical issues
SYMPTOMS OF SPINAL CORD INJURIES
Following symptoms may occur with a spinal cord injury:
- Pain and numbness, or burning sensation
- Inability to move the extremities or walk
- Inability to feel pressure, heat, or cold
- Muscle spasms
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
- Difficulty breathing
PREPARING FOR APPOINTMENT
- Traumatic spinal cord injuries are emergencies where injured may not be able to participate in his or her care in the beginning.
- Specialists including a doctor who specializes in nervous system disorders (neurologist) will be involved in stabilizing the condition among others.
- A spinal injury specialist doctor will lead your rehabilitation team, which will include a variety of specialists.
Some of the basic questions to ask the doctor regarding a spinal injury include:
- What’s the prognosis of spinal injury?
- What will happen in the short term and what will happen over the long term, what treatments are available, and which do you recommend?
- What types of side effects can be expected from the treatment?
- Could surgery help me overcoming the pain and discomforts caused due to injury?
- What type of rehabilitation might help?
- Are there any alternatives to the primary approach that you’re suggesting?
- What research is being done to help this condition?
- Do you have brochures or other printed material? Are there websites you recommend?
Don’t hesitate to ask any other questions you have.
WHY CHOOSE JYOTINURSINGHOME FOR SPINAL INJURY TREATMENT?
Jyotinursinghome has one of the largest and most experienced panels of orthopedic surgeons and staff skilled in dozens of specialties working together to ensure quality care and successful recovery.
NABH (PRE Entry Level) Accredited & an ISO 9001:2015 Certified Hospital.
State of Art infrastructure specialty centre for Orthopedics & Joint Replacements.
First Hospital to recognize the needs of Emergency & Trauma Care.
Modern Diagnostic & Latest Treatment facilities at affordable cost.
Fully Automated Laboratory, Digital X-ray & High Speed CT Scan facility round the clock.
100 bed capacity, the ever growing need for high quality patient care.
Dr. J.P. Maheshwari consultant orthopaedic doctor/surgeon in Jaipur and director Jyoti Nursing Home, Jaipur has been regularly getting training at AIIMS Delhi. He has done certification course in Joint Replacement at AIIMS Delhi & has been putting to use the knowledge gained for the benefit of patients at Jyoti Nursing Home, Jaipur.
After doing his MBBS in 1996 and MS in 2000 from SMS Medical College Jaipur, he has been working as an orthopaedic consultant at Jyoti Nursing Home, VKIA, Jaipur for last 17 years and all the major orthopedic surgeries like spine surgery are carried out under his expert supervision.
He has been awarded with various fellowships both on national and international platforms.
He has performed a total of more than 15000+ successful orthopedic surgeries.
A careful inspection and examination of spinal cord by a doctor for testing sensory function and movement by asking some questions about the accident is carried out in diagnosing of spinal injury.
Emergency diagnostic tests may be needed if the injured person complains of neck pain, isn’t fully awake or has obvious signs of weakness or neurological injury.
These tests may include:
- Computerized tomography (CT) scans
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Your doctor will conduct a more detailed neurological examination few days after injury, when some of the swelling may have diminished to determine the level and completeness of your injury. This will involve testing your muscle strength and your ability to sense light, touch and pinprick sensations.
A spinal cord injury treatment will typically involve:
- Physical therapy to strengthen the damaged muscles.
- Surgery is performed to remove anything which may have penetrated inside the spinal cord, or to limit movement in the spinal column around the spinal cord.
- To reduce inflammation in the area of the spinal cord injury Steroid injections are given.
- With their ability to regenerate damaged tissue, Stem cells are being studied in the treatment of spinal cord injuries. There is a promising future for stem cells in the treatment of these injuries.
PROGNOSIS / FACTS & FIGURES
- The most common cause of spinal cord injury is trauma.
- Spinal cord injuries are most common in young men.
- Spinal cord injuries can be either complete or incomplete. In complete spinal injuries there is no function below the level of injury whereas an incomplete injury has some function remaining below the level of injury.
- The most important factors in achieving recovery from spinal cord injury are Early Immobilization and treatment.
- People with severe spinal cord injuries require aggressive rehabilitation and assistive devices to interact in society and remain productive.
- Spinal cord injuries in which the Patient who has not experienced paralysis with spinal cord injuries have the greatest chance of recovery whereas, those patients who do experience paralysis also have chance that is improving with research every day.
- The very first year of recovery is the hardest, as the patient is just beginning to adjust to his or her condition. The key to recovery is the use of physical and occupational therapy during this time.
There are many possible complications related from spinal cord injuries that may require specific treatment. These complications include:
- Urinary tract infections or urinary incontinence
- Bowel incontinence
- Pressure sores
- Infections in the lungs (pneumonia),
- Blood clots
- Muscle spasms
- Chronic pain
- Rehabilitation team members will begin to work with you while you’re in the early stages of recovery. Your team may include a physical therapist, an occupational therapist, a rehabilitation nurse, a rehabilitation psychologist, a social worker, a dietitian, a recreation therapist, and a doctor who specializes in physical medicine (physiatrist) or spinal cord injuries.
- In the initial stages of rehabilitation, physiotherapists usually give preference to maintaining and strengthening of existing muscle function.
- You’ll be educated on the effects of a spinal cord injury and how to prevent complications, and you’ll be given advice on rebuilding your life and increasing your quality of life and independence.
- You’ll be taught many new skills, and you’ll use equipment and technologies that can help you live on your own as much as possible. You’ll be encouraged to resume your favorite hobbies, participate in social and fitness activities, and return to school or the workplace.