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KNEE REPLACEMENT OVERVIEW

A total knee replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. It is also known as knee arthroplasty, is one of the most common types of elective surgery. The knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. The thighbone (or femur) abuts the large bone of the lower leg (tibia) at the knee joint. The end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a channeled plastic piece with a metal stem. Depending on the condition of the kneecap portion of the knee joint, a plastic "button" may also be added under the kneecap surface.

In total knee replacement surgery, this ligament is either retained, sacrificed, or substituted by a polyethylene post. Each of these various designs of total knee replacement has its own particular benefits and risks.

Total Knee Replacement?

Total knee replacement surgery is considered for patients whose knee joints have been damaged by either progressive arthritis, trauma, or other rare destructive diseases of the joint. The most common reason for knee replacement in the United States is severe osteoarthritis of the knees. Regardless of the cause of the damage to the joint, the resulting progressively increasing pain and stiffness and decreasing daily function lead the patient to consider total knee replacement.

If your knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury, it may be hard for you to perform simple activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. You may even begin to feel pain while you are sitting or lying down.

If nonsurgical treatments like medications and using walking supports are no longer helpful, you may want to consider total knee replacement surgery. Joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure to relieve pain, correct leg deformity, and help you resume normal activities.

Knee Replacement Treatment in Jaipur

Partial Knee Replacement

Partial knee replacements have been around for decades and offer excellent clinical results, just like total knee replacements. Less invasive techniques are available to insert these smaller implants but only a minority of knee replacement patients (about 10%) are good candidates for this procedure.

What Are The Risks Of Undergoing A Total Knee Replacement?

  • Blood clots in the legs that can travel to the lungs(pulmonary embolism).
  • Pulmonary embolism can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and even shock. Other risks include urinary tract infection,
  • Nausea and vomiting (usually related to pain medication)
  • Chronic knee pain and stiffness
  • Bleeding into the knee joint
  • Nerve damage

Which things involved in the recovery from surgery?

  • A total knee replacement generally requires between one and a half to three hours of operative time.
  • After surgery, patients are taken to a recovery room, where vital organs are frequently monitored.
  • Physical therapy is an extremely important part of rehabilitation and requires full participation by the patient for optimal outcome.
  • Knee immobilizers are used in order to stabilize the knee while undergoing physical therapy, walking, and sleeping. They may be removed under the guidance of the therapist for various portions of physical therapy.
  • Patients will start walking using a walker and crutches. Eventually, patients will learn to walk up and down stairs and grades.
  • A number of home exercises are given to strengthen thigh and calf muscles.

AUTHOR

Knee and joint replacement surgeon doctor J.P. Maheshwari

Dr. J.P. Maheshwari

MBBS ( SMS Medical College , Jaipur )
MS Ortho ( SMS Medical College , Jaipur )
Joint ( Knee / Hip ) Replacement Specialist
More than 17 years of experience.

He is Senior Consultant Orthopedic Doctor/Surgeon in Jaipur and Director Jyoti Nursing Home, Jaipur.He also acts as the best Hip replacement doctor in jaipur for performing complex and affordable Hip replacement surgeries.

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